Hybrid Vehicles utilize more than one form of energy for its motors. A hybrid vehicle will have a traditional internal combustion engine and a fuel tank, as well as one or more electric motors and a battery pack. Hybrid cars are different from electric vehicles. Hybrids have internal combustion engine that uses gasoline but use their electric options to reuse the energy that gets wasted in traditional gasoline powered cars.
Hybrid Cars use a rechargeable energy storage system to supplement fossil fuel energy. Hybrid engines are more efficient than traditional fuel engines. Some hybrid vehicles use regenerative braking to generate electricity while traveling. An electric motor is present inside the car (in addition to the gasoline powered engine) which can provide additional acceleration by drawing power from the battery pack. This motor can also act as a generator. When acting as a generator it generates electricity from the parts of energy that is created by the internal combustion engine. This electricity is then used to recharge the batteries. Thus Hybrid vehicles have reduced fossil fuel consumption when compared with traditional vehicles.
The major advantage of a hybrid is that it reduces pollution. Since an electric car runs off a battery charged by electricity rather than fuel from an internal combustion engine, it produces far less pollution than a conventional car. It accelerates much more slowly when compared to a gasoline powered car. Because of the extra infrastructure required on board, it is much more expensive than a traditional car. The batteries are highly toxic and disposing of used batteries continues to be a problem. Maintenance on the electrical system is expensive as it needs to be done by a technician. In harsher economic times such as these when cost matters more than anything else, hybrid cars are struggling to keep their market share – according to some experts. However, they do have the potential to address some of the environmental challenges facing the planet.