In the agriculture sector, farmers are facing many issues day by day due to bad climatic conditions, their enormous hard work, and less profit. They repeatedly undertook new innovations in their fields and develop many adaptable technologies. Some farmers proved that they themselves can manage or face those challenges through various techniques and innovations. These advancements are based on profound awareness of their environments. In India, some farmers from the state of Uttarakhand has developed a new version of vegetable cultivation and successfully overcome their problems.
They developed a concept of “multilayer vegetable cultivation”, means producing more using multi layer sowing method. Usually vegetable, colocasia is being a grown-up as a sole crop. Due to the 8 months crop duration of colocasia, there is no chance for another crop. Also, the seed tubers of colocasia took 60-80 days to emerge above the ground. The top soil layer in these fields remains idle for a large period of time due to delayed germination of the crop. To utilize the upper soil during this time, farmers investigated various ways of exploiting the resources for better production. At first, they modified colocasia’s sowing depth from 20 cm to 30 cm and implant potato at the same time above the Colocasia. Then they cultivated short interval leafy vegetables on the top layer soil since colocasia is a late germinated plant and completes its crop cycle in 8 months.
Thus growing three crops in one place naturally creates a struggle among crops for water and nutrients. To overcome this problem of nutrient fight in the multilayer crop fields, farmers apply a huge amount of farmyard fertilizers during the month of December before sowing seeds. This is an excellent example of sensible utilization of soil and water resources to take full advantage of limited land resources.
Further posts will provide more details about the cultivation of medicinal plants and vegetables.